Downloading: Copying or transferring files (music tracks, films, TV programmes, e-books, video games, sports clips) from another computer, server or the internet to your own computer or storage device.
Streaming: Playback of music, film, TV, sports broadcast, video game, e-book on your computer, over the internet or from a separately connected server, where the content is not ultimately stored on your computer or device.
Peer-to-peer: A method of exchanging digital content directly from one or more computers to another without using a central server.
Cyberlocker: A cloud-based content distribution service used for storing large quantities of digital files and providing users the ability to upload, store and share files. These are often genuine services but some are also used to distribute unauthorised materials.
Blogs: Short for ‘web log’, a diary or journal published on the internet. Can be used for sharing digital content or links to digital content illegally.
Legal service: A website which has been authorised by the owners of the content to allow storage, downloading or streaming of files
Legal free: Where a site allows consumers to access content without charge but with the content owners’ permission. Such sites are often funded through advertising.
Rightsholder: The owner or licensee of the copyrighted work
Copyright: Free protection for creative work such as literature (manuals and marketing copy included), theatre scripts, films, music, art, broadcasts, recordings and book layouts. Copyright automatically applies to new work, so there are no forms to fill. It gives you the exclusive right to authorise how your work may be used by others.
Infringe: Copying or sharing a work without the rightsholders’ permission (which is against the law).
IP: Intellectual property. Property (which in legal terms mean anything you can own) that’s a result of intellectual effort and original creative thinking, such as inventions, brands, artworks or designs.
Licence: When an IP owner gives someone else permission to use their IP. It’s written out as a contract.
Piracy: Unauthorised copying or sharing of materials (usually files), created by someone else which are protected by intellectual property rights (such as copyright, trade marks, patents, geographical indications, etc). This can be for commercial purposes or unauthorised commercial dealing.
Filesharing: When an internet users, either sends or receives digital content with other internet users. This is illegal if the rightsholder hasn’t given permission.